Bulldog 6

The term Bulldog is most commonly referring to the English Bulldog, although there are variations in the breed, such as the American Bulldog, Olde English Bulldogge, and the French Bulldog. The original Bulldog was used in the blood sport of bull and bear baiting, until those were outlawed in 1835. In New York in the mid 17th century, the Governor brought in Bulldogs to round up wild bulls. The English and French Bulldogs (but not the other variants) were eventually crossed with a pug, and no longer have the attributes of bull baiters. The Olde English Bulldogge is a recreation of the original bull-baiting, pit-fighting bulldog of Elizabethan days and is considered one of the Pit Bull breeds. The American Bulldog is a mix of these original fighting bulldogs and a mastiff type, and is also considered a Pit Bull breed. See Section Two for information about these two Bulldog types.

Section One – The English and the French Bulldog

The English Bulldog:

Bulldog Section One:Eng Bulldog - 1 Bulldog Section One:Eng Bulldog - 2







The French Bulldog:

Bulldog Section One:French Bulldog - 1







Breeders have been selectively breeding in hopes of ridding the English Bulldog of aggressive tendencies. This has led to English Bulldogs being easier to train and more likely to follow owner instructions.  Despite some recent improvements of the breed, they still need strong and consistent owners.  English Bulldogs enjoy limited exercise, such as daily walks, but do not need excessive exercise. Excessive exercise or heat can be detrimental to the health of an English Bulldog. Both the English and the French Bulldogs often have trouble breathing due to the short snouts and deformed palates. These canines can be far more active as puppies, but their activity will decrease as they mature.English Bulldog 2

The English Bulldog is a natural guard dog and is considered to be courageous and loyal. The French Bulldog is very small, and is nowadays purely a companion dog – it is more like a Pug than like a Bulldog. English and French Bulldogs love human attention and interaction. They display a mild temperament and are generally gentle with children.  However, due to the history of the bull breeds, we do recommend using extreme caution when in contact with the English Bulldog.

English Bulldog

The English Bulldog does well with other family pets that know and understand the household rules, but may not interact in the same way with unfamiliar animals. It can show serious animal aggression. The French Bulldog can sometimes aggravate other dogs by its snorting, as if other dogs interpret the snorting to be a kind of growling. If a dog flips a French Bulldog on its back, or if it falls over during play, the French Bulldog often can’t get onto its feet again on its own due to the size and shape of its head. The French Bulldog can then suffocate if the owner doesn’t quickly turn them back upright.

English and French Bulldogs often make very loving household pets. Families that own them find them to be entertaining and comedic. English and French Bulldogs breathe heavily due to the structure of their skull and jaw.  This can lead them to snort when happy and delighted. They also can be difficult to sleep with due to excessive and loud snoring. They are messy eaters and often leave behind trails of drool and slobber. Families who love the breed can easily adjust to life with an English or French Bulldog.

English and French Bulldogs do not do well in warmer climates, unless they have help keeping cool. They do not retain enough heat to be exposed to excessive cold, either. Many require regular cleaning and maintenance under the skin folds of their face and other parts of the body to prevent irritation or skin infections. Proper health maintenance on an English or French Bulldog can be time consuming and costly.

English Bulldog3

The English Bulldog’s life expectancy is short, ranging from 6 years to 10 years. They usually weigh between 40-50 pounds. Common health issues can include hip dysplasia, Patellar luxation, interdigital cysts, respiratory problems, cherry eye, and allergies. Females often require cesarean deliveries of puppies due to their small pelvis.

The French Bulldog lives about 10 years on average. They weigh between 16 – 25 pounds. Common health problems include dermatitis, various types of hemophilia, and the problems caused by the shortened snout and palate. In some lines with especially large heads, birth has to be done by cesarean section.


Section Two – The Olde English Bulldogge, The American Bulldog, The Boston Bulldog

The Olde English Bulldogge:


Bulldog Section Two:Olde Eng Bulldogge - 2Bulldog Section Two:Olde Eng Bulldogge - 1









The American Bulldog:


Bulldog Section Two:Amer Bulldog - 1Bulldog Section Two:Amer Bulldog - 2Bulldog Section Two:Amer Bulldog - 3









Unlike the English and the French Bulldogs, the Olde English Bulldogge and the American Bulldog were not mixed with Pug or other purely companion breeds. The Olde English Bulldogge is a recreation of the original bear-baiting, horse-baiting, pit-fighting bulldog of Elizabethan England. The American Bulldog is a mix of these original bulldogs with a mastiff type1,2.

Olde Boston Bulldogge

Olde Boston Bulldogge

The Boston Bulldog is smaller than these two, but it is also considered a fighting breed, created by mixing Pit Bull with the Boston Terrier (the Boston Terrier is a slender terrier type that functions mostly as a companion breed)1,2. The Boston Bulldog is no longer very popular as a fighting dog because of its small size, but it retains the characteristics it was originally bred for.

All three of these Bulldogs are considered Pit Bull breeds. For more detailed information, please see our American Pit Bull Terrier page.

In North America, from 1982-2015, Pit Bull breeds and mixes have seriously attacked 4,008 humans that resulted in 2,567 maimings and 328 deaths


1. Fleig, D, Fighting Dog Breeds, THF Publications Inc, Neptune City NJ, 1996.

2. Jenkins, R and Mollett, K, The Story of the Real Bulldog, THF Publications Inc, Neptune City NJ, 1997. 

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6 thoughts on “Bulldog

  • Patricia Moore

    Correction the Boston Terrier IS the Boston Bulldog, the name was changed when they were recognized by the AKC, because the Bull Terrier breeders did not view them as Bull Terriers and the English Bulldog people didn’t view them as bulldogs either. BTW they are NOT a Pit Bull breed. They are a Bully breed and are in the same family as Pit Bulls though. Ohh and the Boston Terrier was created by refining the Boston Bulldog NOT the other way around.

  • Bruce

    This is really alarming. 4008 attacks, 328 deaths.
    I am pretty worried for my child now. These dogs are everywhere in Australia. And to tell you the truth, many of the owners are what I would term as less than capable of raising an obedient dog. Just my observation.

  • Jack

    Hello. No, bulldogs and American Bulldogs are absolutely NOT considered (by any reputable canine organization) as “Pit Bull type” breeds. They are an entirely separate and unique breed of dogs. This is misinformation and misclassification of the Bulldog and American Bulldog breeds reduces the value of the website and will cause readers to question all of the other “data” and “facts” reported on this website. This misclassification of the Bulldog and American Bulldog breeds should be corrected otherwise your entire website will be questioned and will be classified as yet another “anti-pitbull” website peddling false information about dog breeds. There are several reputable canine organizations and websites that have begun tracking websites that contain false or misinformation and it would be a shame if your website became listed and associated as yet another anti-pitbull website containing disingenuous, misleading, and/or false information.

    • Daxtons Friends Post author

      The bulldog: The bull-baiting, bear-baiting, horse-shredding ‘bulldog’ has existed at least since the reign of Richard III in England (1452 – 1485), when watching ‘bulldogs’ slowly torture bulls, bears, horses and other animals to death was considered normal public entertainment. These dogs were also used to hunt wild boar, not only tracking the boar but engaging directly in killing it, and in dogfighting matches where they were pitted against each other in fights to the death. There were no breed clubs to give these dogs fancy names — they were called simply ‘bulldogs’. The term ‘pit bull’ was an American variation on the same theme, referring to any of the pit fighting bulldog types.

      Until the late 19th century, the only pedigree that mattered for any bulldog was its fighting pedigree – the list of kills it had committed on some other bulldog in the fighting pit. It wasn’t until early in the 20th century, as dogfighting declined, that the breeders of these dogs sought other ways to sell them. They turned to the new kennel clubs, which had been established to cater to the upper class hobby of breeding dogs for shows. After much lobbying, the 1930s saw the registration and re-branding of the pit fighting bulldogs by various kennel clubs, always with a name intended to hide the type’s bloody history (eg, changing this molosser’s name from bulldog to ‘Staffordshire terrier’). Since that first deception, many new breed clubs have arisen, dedicated to producing slight physical variation in the fighting bulldog so as to claim a new pit bull type ‘breed’ all their own (eg, American Bully, Pit Bull XXL, Olde English Bulldogge, American Bulldog).

      All of these dogs in fact come from the same limited gene pool, all of them retaining both the physical and the behavioral traits that have always typified the fighting bulldog. Pasting a new ‘breed’ label on yet another slight variation of the pit fighting bulldog does not change this fact.


  • Heather

    On this page the American bulldog has the olde English bulldogge pictures under it and the olde English bulldogge has the American bulldog picture under it. I was out walking on my small town streets three weeks ago and was surrounded by three olde English Bulldogges and one bit my thigh before I could get out my pepper spray. I did have to get three stitches and the bite bruises cover at least a third of my thigh.

    • Toni P.

      The pictures have been fixed. Thank you for pointing that out. The people in charge of the website are not the same as those who write the content.